1.被动句

1.在情况更糟之前应该采取有效措施

Before the situation gets worse,effective measures should be taken

2.据说在五千年前中国的一位 帝王发现了茶并用它来治病

It's said that 5000 years ago ,a Chinese emperor discovered tea and used to treat diseases.

2.同位句

人---身份(即句子种"某人"和"身份"之间构成"等号"关系)

作为一名大学生,我坚信年轻人很有必要拒绝成为网络的奴隶。

As a college student,I firmly believe that it is of great necessity for young people to refuse to be slaves of the Internet.

I,as a college student,deem that.....

物---性质(即句子中的“某物”和“性质”之间构成“等号”关系)

舞狮作为中国传统民间表演已有2000多年的历史

Lion dancing,as Chinese traditional folk performance,has the history of more than 2000 years.

3.It做形式主语/形式宾语

it充当形式主语:it is + 被动/形容词/名词等+从句/to do .../doing...

越来越多的中国年轻人正在对旅游产生兴趣,这是近年来的新趋势

It has been a new trend for more and more Chinese youngsters to be interested in traveling.

很多年轻人发现读文学书籍很枯燥也很难理解。

Many youngsters find it difficult and boring to read and understand literature.

4.there be(客观存在)

中国有不少这样的特殊购物日

There are many special shopping -days like this in China.

5.定语从句(一个从句充当定语)

步骤:

1.先写译出正确简单句,确定被修饰成分(中心名词)

2.在中心名词后加入定从,关系词who,whose,whom,where,which,when等引导

【限制性定从】:起必要说明作用,限定性定语从句的前面无逗号,可以有省略形式

【非限制定从】:起补充说明作用,非限制性定语从句前面有逗号,无省略形式

淘宝是一家很受欢迎的购物网站,消费者可以购买很多商品。

TaoBao is a very popular shopping website,where consumers can buy many productions.

6.名词性从句

主语从句

因此,快递业在中国扩张就不足为奇了

Accordingly ,it is no wonder that express service is expanding.

宾语从句

他们相信这是为孩子好,因为在中国这样竞争激烈的社会里,只有成绩好才能保证前途光明。

They believed that it is good for kids,since in a society like China the competition is fierce and only excellent scores can ensure a promising future.

6.表语从句

他们对孩子的唯一要求就是努力学习,考得好,能上名牌大学

There only requirement for their children is that they study hard,gain good grades,and can be accepted renowned university.

同位语从句

其他人持有不同的观点:网购也会带来一些问题

Others hold the different view that online shopping will also lead to some problems.

7.强调句

正是我妈妈经常鼓励我在学习上有困难时不要灰心丧气

普通:My mother often courage me not to lose confidence when i have problems in learning.

强调:It is my mother who often courage me not to lose confidence when i have problems in learning.

8.半倒装

否定意义的副词、短语、或状语位于主语之前或句首,主句半倒装(一般疑问句语序);表否定概念的副词或短语如:never,seldom,hardly,scarcely,on no account,bu no means,in no case等

我们绝对不能忽视知识的价值。

By no means can we ignore the value of knowledge.

只有当我心爱的人在我身边时,我才能感受到真切的幸福。

Only when beloved my love is beside me,can i fell true happiness.

9.v-ing/v-ed状语

我拎着箱子爬楼梯

简译:I climbed the stairs. I taking a suitcase.

译1:I climbed the stairs,taking a suitcase.

译2:Climbing the stairs,I took a suitcase.

10.排比结构

读书足以怡情、足以傅彩、足以长才。 ---培根

English serve for delight,for ornament and for ability.

作为一种重要素质,自信带给我们力量、唤起我们对生活的热爱、帮助我们战胜困难

As an important quality ,confidence can bring us great power,arouse our enthusiasm for life and help us overcome difficulties.

11.插入语

现在农村和山区的儿童可以与沿海城市的儿童一样上音乐和绘画课

Nowadays, children in rural and mountains areas,like kids in seaside cities,have music and painting classes.

# 共勉

2020.10.13劳动周于外国语学院分院拍摄

This first and best victory is to conquer self. ----Plato

最重要的胜利就是战胜自己。--柏拉图

Saying.jpg

最后修改:2020 年 10 月 13 日 03 : 14 PM
如果觉得我的文章对你有用,请随意赞赏